For effective wine storage, it always comes down to correct temperature.
Optimal temperature for wine storage:
Wine, red and white, should be stored at 10 – 14°C. This allows wine the optimal opportunity to mature and develop.
Optimal temperature for all-round enjoyment:
White wine should not be stored below 7-8°C . This only applies to a small part of the white wines – many are drunk at above 10°C, otherwise an important part of their aroma is lost.
Red wines can be drunk at a maximum 16°C or depending the wine at a cooler temperature. This is because as soon as the wine is poured it warms up within a few minutes at around two degrees. This means that after a short period most red wines are already at their upper temperature limit. Basically, a heavy red is best drunk at 17-19°C, while simpler and particularly younger red wines are to be drunk at 14-16°C.
As a rough guide for ideal drinking temperatures try the following:
Light white or rosé wine 9-10°C
Sweet wine 11-13°C
Light red wine 14-16°C
Heavy red wine: 17-19°C
Time and again, temperature difference in air-conditioned cellars or cooler compartments of wine coolers are an issue. Now, the temperature is varied within a cool area, between high and low, back and front, according to cooling activity and the relationship of outer to inner temperature. The temperature in the lower part of a large cooling area tends to be a few degrees cooler than right at the top.
This can be exploited. Relevant wine types can be sorted to below or above. Every wine has its own optimal drinking temperature.
Further information about temperature deviation in wine coolers can be found here.